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Education aims to encourage in humans the development of knowledge, skills and dispositions necessary to live successfully in society and more and more that society functions in a digital world.

Today’s learners tend to be digital natives that must be self-motivated. Motivation is enhanced when learners attribute success to their own efforts and effective learning strategies (Driscoll, 2005, p. 331). Allen (2005) states that “instruction should have as its object, to make the learner self-sufficient.

Zimmerman (2000) shares three steps in self-regulated learning 1) teach learners to plan ahead 2) equip learners with strategies they can use to monitor progress and reach goals 3) encourage learners to evaluate progress and continually set new goals.


  • Allen, K. (August, 2005). Online learning: constructivism and conversation as an approach to learning. Innovations in Education and Teaching International, 42(3), 247-256.
  • Driscoll, M. (2005). Psychology of learning for instruction. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.
  • Zimmerman, B. (2000). Self-Efficacy: An Essential Motive to Learn. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 25(1), 82-91. Retrieved July 19, 2009, doi:10.1006/ceps.1999.1016